House Rent Allowance (HRA): Rules, Exemptions, and Calculations

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Hiral Vakil

HRA
Salary Components
Salary Income
Last updated on November 24th, 2023

With the increase in urbanisation, more people are moving to cities for better career opportunities. As these people move to cities demand for housing facilities increases causing a spike in rental prices. Such rent expenses are so huge that it burns a hole in the pocket. To help cover such expenses, employers generally provide HRA (House Rent Allowance) as a component of salary.

What is House Rent Allowance (HRA)?

House Rent Allowance (HRA) is paid by an employer to employees as a part of their salary to meet the accommodation expenses. Salaried individuals who live in rental premises can claim exemption of House Rent Allowance u/s. 10(13A).

Employees are required to submit the rent receipts to their employers to claim the tax benefit. The employers, in turn, will calculate an exempt House Rent Allowance and deduct the same from the employee’s taxable salary. The exempt house rent allowance can be checked from the Form 16.

From FY 2020-21 onwards, House Rent Allowance Exemption is only available if an employee opts for the Old Tax Regime.

Exemption Rules and Calculation

The amount of Exempt HRA will be the least of the following amounts:

The House Rent Allowance calculation formula has been explained below with the help of an example:

Let’s understand with an example:

Raj works in a company in Ahmedabad. He lives in a rented flat. He pays INR. 20,000/month as rent. Following is his salary structure:

Particulars Amount (In INR)
Basic Salary 5,00,000
House Rent Allowance 2,50,000
LTA 50,000
Other Allowances 20,000
Gross Salary 8,20,000
Actual Rent Paid 2,40,000

The least of the following will be the exempt House Rent Allowance:

  1. Actual House Rent Allowance = INR 2,50,000
  2. Actual Rent Paid (-) 10% of Basic Salary = INR 1,90,000 [2,40,000 – 10%(5,00,000)]
  3. 40% of the Basic Salary = INR 2,00,000 [40%(5,00,000)]

INR 1,90,000 will be exempt from the total House Rent Allowance received and the remaining INR 60,000 (2,50,000-1,90,000) will be taxable.

Use the HRA calculator to find taxable and tax-exempt House Rent Allowance.

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Can a taxpayer claim both deductions on Home Loan & HRA?

Yes, a taxpayer can claim both HRA and deduction on a Home Loan for interest and principal component if the specified conditions are met:

CaseIs the benefit for HRA and deduction on home loan available?
Living in a rented accommodation while having a home on loan in a different city.Yes
(Provided there is a distance of around 35km to 50km between two cities)
Living in a rented accommodation while having a home on loan in the same city.Yes
(Provided there is some genuine condition for example work place)
Acquired an under-construction property on loan and hence living in a different accommodation.Yes
(But the home loan interest can be claimed in five equal instalments only after the construction is completed)

What if you don’t receive HRA?

Under Section 80GG, the deduction is allowed to an individual who pays rent without receiving any House Rent Allowance from an employer. Hence, check the Salary Slip to see if there is any House Rent Allowance component in the salary break up. If not, a taxpayer can claim a deduction for rent paid under section 80GG. So a deduction can be claimed from total income if:

If all the above conditions are fulfilled, a deduction is available as the least of the following amounts:

(Here total income would be total income less all deductions under chapter VI-A except deduction u/s. 80GG)

The important point to keep in mind is in order to claim deduction u/s. 80GG, the taxpayer has to file Form 10BA prior to filing the ITR.

FAQs

Is House Rent Allowance deductible under section 80C?

No, HRA is an allowance and is exempt from Salary Income u/s 10(13A) of the Income Tax Act.

Can HRA exemption be claimed if living parents?

A taxpayer can go for a rental agreement with anyone except their spouse and claim HRA. So, if they have a rental agreement with their parents, and pay rent to them, the taxpayer can claim an exemption.

Can I claim both the HRA and the Home loan interest deduction?

Yes, a taxpayer can claim both HRA and home loan interest simultaneously subject to the genuineness of the conditions. Also, a deduction for principal repayment can be claimed under Section 80C.

Is there any requirement to submit the landlord’s PAN?

An employee must submit the landlord’s PAN if the total rental payment for a year exceeds INR 1,00,000.

Got Questions? Ask Away!

  1. Hey @sushil_verma

    There are a wide range of deductions that you can claim. Apart from Section 80C tax deductions, you could claim deductions up to INR 25,000 (INR 50,000 for Senior Citizens) buying Mediclaim u/s 80D. You can claim a deduction of INR 50,000 on home loan interest under Section 80EE.

  2. Hey @Dia_malhotra , there are many deductions that you can avail of. Your salary package may include different allowances like House Rent Allowance (HRA), conveyance, transport allowance, medical reimbursement, etc. Additionally, some of these allowances are exempt up to a certain limit under section 10 of the Income Tax Act.

    For eg,

    • Medical allowance is exempt up to INR 15,000 on a reimbursement basis.
    • Children education allowance is exempt up to Rs. 200 per child per month up to a maximum of two children.
    • Conveyance allowance is exempt up to a maximum of Rs. 1600 per month.

    Tax on employment and entertainment allowance will also be allowed as a deduction from the salary income. Employment tax is deducted from your salary by your employer and then it is deposited to the state government.

  3. The benefit Section 80EEB can be claimed by individuals only. An individual taxpayer can claim interest on loan of an electric vehicle of up to INR 1.5 lacs u/s 80EEB. However, if the electric vehicle is used for the purpose of business, the vehicle should be reported as an asset, loan should be reported as a liability and the interest on loan can be claimed as a business expense irrespective of the amount. (We have updated the article with the changes).

    Thus, if you have a proprietorship business, you should claim interest amount as a business expense only if the vehicle is used for business purpose. However, if it is used for personal purpose, you can claim deduction of interest u/s 80EEB in your ITR since you would be reporting both personal and business income in the ITR (under your PAN).

    As per the Income Tax Act, the deduction under Section 80EEB is applicable from 1st April 2020 i.e. FY 2020-21.

  4. Hey @Sharath_thomas , we have updated the content according to the appropriate assessment year. Thanks for the feedback. :slight_smile:

  5. Hey @shindeonkar95

    In case of capital gain income (LTCG/STCG), transfer expenses are allowed as deduction, except STT.

    However, in case of business income (F&O, intraday), all expenses incurred for the business (including STT) are eligible to claim deduction in ITR.

    Hope, it helps!

  6. Hello,

    Is it possible to claim deductions under S. 80CCF for Infra bonds bought in the secondary market and held to maturity?

    There were a number of 10 year infra bonds issued in the 2010- 2013 period, which will start maturing soon. These are all listed on the exchanges (although hardly any liquidity or transactions in them). If I were to buy some of these bonds in the open markets and hold them in my demat to maturity (<3 years), is it possible to claim tax deductions (upto 20k per year) under 80CCF for buying?

    I couldn’t find anything on this. Any help is appreciated.

  7. Hello @Veejayy,

    Yes you can claim deduction under 80CCF for investment made in specified infrastructure and other tax saving bonds bought in the secondary market and held to maturity.

    Deduction under Section 80CCF can be availed only through investment in certain tax saving bonds, issued by banks or corporations after gaining permission from the government which shall be restricted upto 10,000 per year.

    These bonds are generally long term bonds, having tenure of more than 5 years with a lock in period of 5 years in most of the cases. These bonds can be sold after the lock in period!

    Also, interest earned on these bonds will be taxable.

    Hope this helps!

  8. Hi, I need to file my income tax for FY21, I am using Quicko platform for filing, I wanted to confirm if the ELSS investment amount for the FY21 is to be added in the section 80C, since I already the amount of Rs30,072 , should I add my ELSS amount to this existing amount and submit the total

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