LTA (Leave Travel Allowance) is an allowance paid by employers to their employees when they are on leave and traveling alone or with family within India. Subject to certain conditions, it is tax-free in the hands of the employees.
Section 10(5) of the Income Tax Act along with and Rule 2B have prescribed the conditions and amount of exempt leave travel allowance. Subject to these conditions, Leave Travel Allowance is tax-free in the hands of the employees.
No. LTA can be claimed only for domestic travel. You can only claim LTA if the Employer provides it as part of your salary structure. You can claim an exemption on LTA under section 10.
No. You can claim LTA only twice in a block of 4 years. The current block of four years is 2018-2021. However, you can claim LTA reimbursement every year from your employer.
Employees do not have to submit any proof to Income Tax Department while filing ITR on IT Portal. However, employees are advised to maintain proofs such as flight tickets, invoices from travel agents, passes, etc.
Employees can know exempt Leave Travel Allowance amount from Form 16 issued by the employer at the end of the financial year. It is exempt u/s 10(5) of the Income Tax Act.
Since Leave Travel Allowance is a part of salary income. An employee can file ITR-1 while claiming exempt HRA. However, salaried needs to file ITR-2 if income is more than Rs. 50,00,000.