Section 80C: Deduction for Tax Saving Investments

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Hiral Vakil

Fixed Deposit
Section 80C
Last updated on February 20th, 2023

The Income Tax Act allows taxpayers to reduce their total tax liability by making certain investments/ expenses. The government is promoting investment in certain sectors by attaching a taxation benefit to it. Section 80C is one such deduction that allows individuals and HUFs to claim deductions for investments and expenses that are specifically mentioned under the Income Tax Act. Section 80C includes subsections- 80CCC and 80CCD. The maximum limit for deduction under section 80C including subsections is INR 1,50,000 except for NPS tier I investment under section 80CCD(1B).

Investments Eligible for Section 80C Deduction

Here is the list of investment options eligible for claiming deduction under section 80C only if opted for Old Tax Regime:

1. Contribution to ELSS: 

Investment in Equity Linked Saving Scheme or a tax-saving mutual fund attracts a deduction under section 80C. Investment in ELSS funds comes with a lock-in period of 3 years and higher deliverable returns compared to FD, PPF, or NPS.

2. Contribution to Employees Provident Fund: 

Employees’ contribution to the Provident fund is eligible for deduction under section 80C. This contribution amounts to 12% of the salary. At present, the interest rate in EPF contribution is 8.1% p.a. Previously this investment fell under the EEE category, but in Budget 2021 the taxability of interest was changed. If Employee’s contribution in a year is more than INR 2,50,000 (non-government employees) and INR 5,00,000 (government employees), then interest on such additional contribution will be taxable.

3. Investment in Public Provident Fund:

It is backed by Government and carries a fixed interest rate (7.1% p.a.). A resident Individual can invest a minimum of INR 500 and a maximum of INR 1,50,000 in a financial year. There is a lock-in period of 15 years which is further extendable by 5 years for investment in PPF. Withdrawals can be made partially after the completion of 7 years.

Any investment in Public Provident Fund (PPF) is allowed as a deduction under this section. PPF deposits fall under the EEE (Exempt, Exempt, Exempt) tax category. Of which all three things including deposit, interest, and withdrawal amount are eligible for tax exemption.

4. Investment in Pension Fund by UTI: 

Any amount invested by an individual in a pension fund set up by a mutual fund or UTI is allowed as a deduction here.

5. Investment in National Savings Certificate (NSC): 

This scheme is run by Indian Post and carries an interest rate of 7%. Although there is no upper limit for investment in NSC, the maximum deduction available is INR 1.5 Lakhs. The lock-in period is of 5 years and interest earned from this investment is taxable.

6. Investment in Tax Saving Fixed Deposit: 

Different banks and financial institutions offer term deposits which are created for tax saving under section 80C. The lock-in period of such tax-saving fixed deposits is 5 years.

7. Investment in Sukanya Samridhhi Savings Scheme: 

Sukanya Samridhhi savings scheme was launched for the betterment of girl children in India. Deposits in this scheme will earn interest at 8.6% per annum and will be eligible for deduction under this section. The maturity period of the deposit will be 21 years from the date of opening the account.

8. Investment in Unit Linked Insurance Plan (ULIP): 

ULIP is a mix of insurance and investment. Since the investment portion is dependent on market performance, there are no fixed returns. Any investment made under this is allowed as a deduction u/s 80C.

9. Senior Citizen Savings Scheme (SCSS): 

Any individual who has aged more than 60 years or is over 55 years and has opted for retirement, can invest in a senior citizen savings scheme. Savings under the SCSS scheme will earn interest at 8.0% per annum. This deposit has a lock-in period of 5 years and is eligible for deduction under section 80C.

Deduction under section 80C of Income Tax Act can not be claimed against short term capital gains u/s 111A , long term capital gains and income chargeable to tax at special rates.
Deduction under section 80C of Income Tax Act can not be claimed against short term capital gains u/s 111A , long term capital gains and income chargeable to tax at special rates.

Payments Eligible for Section 80C Deduction

Life insurance Premium: Any amount paid as a life insurance premium for self, spouse, or children is allowed as a deduction under section 80C. The deduction for the premium amount is allowed to be up to 10% of the sum assured.

Home loan repayment: Repayment of the principle amount towards a home loan taken for construction or purchase of residential house property, is allowed as a deduction under section 80C. Even stamp duty expenses, registration expenses, and transfer expenses are also allowed as deductions.

Children’s tuition fees: Tuition fees paid for up to two children is allowed as a deduction under section 80C. The fees could be paid to any school, college, university, or educational institution in India. The fees have to be for a full-time course. Fees paid for private coaching is not eligible for deduction.

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ITR Form Applicable for Section 80C

The taxpayer can claim deductions u/s 80C while filing ITR if all the above-mentioned conditions are fulfilled. Individuals/HUFs can claim 80C in any of the ITR forms, i.e, ITR 1ITR 2ITR 3, and ITR 4 depending upon their income sources. The due date for filing ITR is 31st July of the next FY if the tax audit is not applicable.

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Supporting Documents

No documents are to be submitted for filing an ITR. In the case of Salaried individuals along with the common documents such as Form 16, you will need to provide these documents to the employer.


How to claim deductions in ITR?

You have to claim section-wise deductions while filing your income tax return. In every ITR, there is a separate section for Chapter VI-A Deductions where you can enter all your deductions against respective sections. for eg., life insurance premium, ELSS, PPF, etc will go to section 80C whereas medical insurance premium will go under section 80D.

Who can claim section 80C deductions?

As per the income tax act, any Individual or HUF can claim a deduction under section 80C. This deduction is not available to partnership firms or corporate assessees.

Can I claim the 80C deductions at the time of filing the return in case I have not submitted proof to my employer?

Proof of investments is submitted to the employer before the end of a Financial Year (FY) so that the employer considers these investments while determining your taxable income and the tax deduction that needs to be made. However, if you miss submitting these proofs to your employer, the claim for such investments made can be done at the time of filing your return of income as long as these investments have been made before the end of the relevant FY.

Got Questions? Ask Away!

  1. Hey @sushil_verma

    There are a wide range of deductions that you can claim. Apart from Section 80C tax deductions, you could claim deductions up to INR 25,000 (INR 50,000 for Senior Citizens) buying Mediclaim u/s 80D. You can claim a deduction of INR 50,000 on home loan interest under Section 80EE.

  2. Hey @Dia_malhotra , there are many deductions that you can avail of. Your salary package may include different allowances like House Rent Allowance (HRA), conveyance, transport allowance, medical reimbursement, etc. Additionally, some of these allowances are exempt up to a certain limit under section 10 of the Income Tax Act.

    For eg,

    • Medical allowance is exempt up to INR 15,000 on a reimbursement basis.
    • Children education allowance is exempt up to Rs. 200 per child per month up to a maximum of two children.
    • Conveyance allowance is exempt up to a maximum of Rs. 1600 per month.

    Tax on employment and entertainment allowance will also be allowed as a deduction from the salary income. Employment tax is deducted from your salary by your employer and then it is deposited to the state government.

  3. The benefit Section 80EEB can be claimed by individuals only. An individual taxpayer can claim interest on loan of an electric vehicle of up to INR 1.5 lacs u/s 80EEB. However, if the electric vehicle is used for the purpose of business, the vehicle should be reported as an asset, loan should be reported as a liability and the interest on loan can be claimed as a business expense irrespective of the amount. (We have updated the article with the changes).

    Thus, if you have a proprietorship business, you should claim interest amount as a business expense only if the vehicle is used for business purpose. However, if it is used for personal purpose, you can claim deduction of interest u/s 80EEB in your ITR since you would be reporting both personal and business income in the ITR (under your PAN).

    As per the Income Tax Act, the deduction under Section 80EEB is applicable from 1st April 2020 i.e. FY 2020-21.

  4. Hey @Sharath_thomas , we have updated the content according to the appropriate assessment year. Thanks for the feedback. :slight_smile:

  5. Hey @shindeonkar95

    In case of capital gain income (LTCG/STCG), transfer expenses are allowed as deduction, except STT.

    However, in case of business income (F&O, intraday), all expenses incurred for the business (including STT) are eligible to claim deduction in ITR.

    Hope, it helps!

  6. Hello,

    Is it possible to claim deductions under S. 80CCF for Infra bonds bought in the secondary market and held to maturity?

    There were a number of 10 year infra bonds issued in the 2010- 2013 period, which will start maturing soon. These are all listed on the exchanges (although hardly any liquidity or transactions in them). If I were to buy some of these bonds in the open markets and hold them in my demat to maturity (<3 years), is it possible to claim tax deductions (upto 20k per year) under 80CCF for buying?

    I couldn’t find anything on this. Any help is appreciated.

  7. Hello @Veejayy,

    Yes you can claim deduction under 80CCF for investment made in specified infrastructure and other tax saving bonds bought in the secondary market and held to maturity.

    Deduction under Section 80CCF can be availed only through investment in certain tax saving bonds, issued by banks or corporations after gaining permission from the government which shall be restricted upto 10,000 per year.

    These bonds are generally long term bonds, having tenure of more than 5 years with a lock in period of 5 years in most of the cases. These bonds can be sold after the lock in period!

    Also, interest earned on these bonds will be taxable.

    Hope this helps!

  8. Hi, I need to file my income tax for FY21, I am using Quicko platform for filing, I wanted to confirm if the ELSS investment amount for the FY21 is to be added in the section 80C, since I already the amount of Rs30,072 , should I add my ELSS amount to this existing amount and submit the total

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