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Section 194 : TDS on Dividend from Equity Shares

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Sakshi Shah

Equity Trading
Form 16A
Form 26Q
Sec 194
TDS Sections
Last updated on July 15th, 2021

What is Section 194?

Under Budget 2020 applicable from 1st April 2020 i.e. FY 2020-21, the Finance Minister abolished Dividend Distribution Tax (DDT). As a result, the dividend received on equity shares and mutual funds which were earlier exempt is now taxable at slab rates. It is taxable in the hands of the shareholder. Since the income would be taxable in the hands of the shareholder, TDS would be applicable. As a result, the Finance Minister made an amendment to the existing Section 194 to add a provision to deduct TDS on Dividend from Equity Shares.

As per section 206AA if the deductee fails to provide the PAN to deductor then he would suffer deduction at higher of the rates of deduction as: At the rate specified in the relevant provision of the Act, or, At the rate or rates in force, i.e., the rate prescribed in the Finance Act (Finance Act 2019 for FY 2019-20), or At the rate of 20%
Tip
As per section 206AA if the deductee fails to provide the PAN to deductor then he would suffer deduction at higher of the rates of deduction as: At the rate specified in the relevant provision of the Act, or, At the rate or rates in force, i.e., the rate prescribed in the Finance Act (Finance Act 2019 for FY 2019-20), or At the rate of 20%

The Company paying a dividend on equity shares should deduct TDS under section 194. The deduction is at 10% on the number of dividends, only if a resident shareholder’s total dividend in a financial year exceeds INR 5,000. Section 194 is applicable from 1st April 2020 i.e. FY 2020-21 onwards.

Section 194 TDS on Dividend from Equity Shares
As per section 206AB, if the aggregate of TDS and TCS for deductee is INR 50000 or more in each of these two previous years and deductee has not filed the returns of income for two previous years immediately prior to the previous year in which tax is required to be deducted then he would suffer deduction at higher of the rates of deduction as: At twice the rate specified in the relevant provision of the Act; or At twice the rate or rates in force; or At the rate of 5%
Tip
As per section 206AB, if the aggregate of TDS and TCS for deductee is INR 50000 or more in each of these two previous years and deductee has not filed the returns of income for two previous years immediately prior to the previous year in which tax is required to be deducted then he would suffer deduction at higher of the rates of deduction as: At twice the rate specified in the relevant provision of the Act; or At twice the rate or rates in force; or At the rate of 5%

Section 194 – TDS on Dividend from Equity Shares

TDS Return (26Q) for Non-Salary Payments (Quarterly)
CA Assisted TDS return filing for employers, firms and companies making payment of Professional fees, Rent, Contracts, Commission, etc.
[Rated 4.8 stars by customers like you]
TDS Return (26Q) for Non-Salary Payments (Quarterly)
CA Assisted TDS return filing for employers, firms and companies making payment of Professional fees, Rent, Contracts, Commission, etc.
[Rated 4.8 stars by customers like you]

FAQs

Is TDS required to be deducted on dividend paid to NRI shareholder ?

Section 195 applies to the dividend paid to NRI investors/shareholders, as per provisions of the Income Tax Act. Hence, TDS needs to be deducted on the dividend at 20% on equity shares and equity mutual funds. Therefore, TDS has to be deducted at 10% as per Sec 194 and Sec 194K for an NRI shareholder.

What is Dividend Distribution Tax (DDT) ?

DDT is the tax paid on declaration, distribution or payment of dividend by an Indian Company at the rate of 15%. Since the Indian Company pays DDT, the dividend income is exempt in the hands of the shareholder or investor.
However, the Budget 2020 applicable abolished DDT from 01.04.2020 i.e. FY 2020-21. The dividend is now taxable in the hands of the shareholder or investor. The company is liable to deduct TDS at 10% if the dividend is in excess of INR 5000.

Got Questions? Ask Away!

  1. Hey @Rachit_Awasthi1,

    Under Budget 2020, the Finance Minister abolished Dividend Distribution Tax i.e. DDT. As a result, dividend became a taxable income. Since it was now taxable, TDS would be applicable on it. Thus, the Budget also introduced the provision to deduct TDS on the dividend.

    • Sec 194 - A Company should deduct TDS at 10% on dividend paid on equity shares if the dividend amount exceeds INR 5,000. For FY 2019-20, this rate is reduced to 7.5%
    • Sec 194K - An AMC should deduct TDS at 10% on dividend paid on equity mutual funds if the dividend amount exceeds INR 5,000. For FY 2019-20, this rate is reduced to 7.5%

    TDS (Tax Deducted at Source) is applicable to many taxable incomes such as salary, professional fees, interest, commission etc. Since dividend income is a taxable income, TDS is applicable to it.

    You can claim the credit of deducted TDS as taxes already paid when you file your Income Tax Return. If the tax liability is more than TDS credit, you need to pay only differential tax. If the tax liability is less than TDS credit, you can claim a refund of the excess amount.

    If you have received an email for dividend you can know more about TDS on dividend paid in FY 2020-21 in the article mentioned below.

  2. I am salaried person, gross income 10 lakh and comes in individual resident category. I invested in share market and also get dividend 8000. But i am confused that how much dividend amount is tax-free in below options:

    1. TDS will be deducted at 10% on dividends received above INR 5000.

    2. Tax of 10% on dividend income in excess of Rs. 10 lakh per year.

    so which option is correct for current FY and option 2 is applicable to whom ?

  3. Option 2 of 10 lakhs applicable to which category ?

  4. Hey @Kuldeep_Singh,

    From AY 2021-22 onwards, dividend received by shareholder will be taxed in the hands of shareholders and not on company. Dividend is not tax free income and hence if total dividend exceeding of Rs. 5000 is liable to deduct TDS u/s 194 at the rate of 10%.

    Prior to AY 2021-22, tax on dividend was applicable to shareholders only when total amount exceeds 10 lakhs but now there’s no relevance of sec.115BBDA.

    For more understanding, you can refer below article for taxation on dividend income:

    Hope, it helps!

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