Dividend Distribution Tax - DDT

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Sakshi Shah

Budget 2020
DDT
Dividend Income

What is a Dividend Distribution Tax?

Dividend Distribution Tax is the tax paid on dividends distributed by a company to its shareholders. A Domestic Company must pay DDT as per the provisions of Section 115O of the Income Tax Act. Since the Company pays DDT, the dividend income is exempt in the hands of the shareholder under Section 10(38). Under Budget 2020, the Finance Minister abolished DDT. As a result, the dividend income is now a taxable income in the hands of the shareholder. DDT would not be applicable to any dividend paid on or after 1st April 2020.


DDT – (Dividend Distribution Tax) Rate

A Domestic Company distributing or declaring dividends should pay DDT at 15% on the gross dividend as per Section 115O. Since the DDT is calculated on Gross Dividend, the effective rate comes to 17.65%.

Example

A Domestic Company declares a dividend of INR 5,00,000 on 10th April 2019. Calculate DDT that Company should pay.

  1. Calculate Gross Dividend

    Gross Dividend (100%) = Net Dividend (85%) + DDT (15%)
    Gross Dividend = INR 5,00,000 * 100/85 = INR 5,88,235.29

  2. Calculate DDT on Gross Dividend

    DDT = Gross Dividend * 15%
    DDT = INR 5,88,235 * 15% = INR 88,235

Note: Thus, the effective DDT rate is 17.65%. Further, the above rate does not include cess and surcharge. After calculating cess and surcharge, the effective rate is 20.56%.

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Abolishment of Dividend Distribution Tax

Under Budget 2020, the Finance Minister abolished Dividend Distribution Tax i.e. DDT. A Company is no longer liable to pay DDT. As a result, the dividend income which was earlier exempt up to INR 10 lacs, now became taxable for the investors. Such dividend income would be taxable at slab rates. Since the dividend income is taxable, TDS becomes applicable on such Income. The Finance Minister also introduced a new TDS Section 194K (TDS on Dividend from Equity Mutual Funds) and amended the existing Section 194 (TDS on Dividend from Equity Shares).

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FAQs

What is the tax treatment of dividend income from Foreign Company?

Dividend income from a foreign company is a taxable income. The investor should report it under the head Income from Other Sources. The income tax on dividend income is as per slab rates. The provisions of DDT or TDS are applicable to a Domestic Company only.

Why was the Dividend Distribution Tax (DDT) abolished under Budget 2020?

Upto FY 2019-20, a Domestic Company was liable to pay DDT at 15% on the Gross Dividend. On the other hand, Dividend was an exempt income for the shareholders.
To provide relief to the Domestic Companies and boost foreign investments, DDT was abolished under Budget 2020. Since the tax on distribution of dividend was removed, the dividend income became taxable for the shareholders. Thus, for any dividend declared or paid on or after 1st April 2020, it is taxable in the hands of the shareholder. The Company is also liable to deduct TDS as per Sec 194 or Sec 194K.

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