Certificate of Commencement of Business

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Aishwarya Shah

Commencement of Business
Form INC-20A
Last updated on April 30th, 2021

Commencement of Business Certificate is the declaration that the Director of the Company needs to file with Registrar of Companies. Moreover this declaration is filed in Form INC-20A within 180 days of the incorporation of the Company.

Basically, this is a declaration filed before commencing the business and exercising borrowing powers by the Company. Company has to comply with Section 10A(1)(a) of Companies Act 2013 and Companies (Incorporation) Rules, 2014 while filing the Certificate of Commencement of Business.

Provisions related to Commencement of Business Certificate

Section 10A of Companies Act provides that all the Companies incorporated after Companies (Amendment) Ordinance 2018 and having Share capital shall not commence business or not exercise borrowing powers unless it complies with some conditions. Those conditions are:-

Which Companies does not need to file Business Commencement Certificate?

Following Companies does not require to file the Business Commencement Certificate with Registrar:-

Information and Documents required for the Form

  1. Corporate Identification Number of the Company
  2. Name of the Company
  3. Address of Registered Office
  4. Email address of Company
  5. Attachments
    • Subscribers Proof of payment for value of shares
    • Certificate of Registration issued by RBI or other Regulators (in case the company is regulated by a sectoral regulator)
    • Other Attachments, if any

Certification of Form INC-20A

The Commencement of Business Certificate requires the certification by a Practicing Professional i.e. a Company Secretary in practice/Chartered Accountant in practice/ Cost Accountant in practice.

Procedure to file Commencement of Business Certificate

In case of Company filing the declaration for Commencement of Business, it needs to follow the following procedure:-

  1. Go to the MCA Portal.

    Visit the MCA Portal.MCA

  2. Company forms

    Therefore, under MCA Services Tab, select Company forms download.company forms

  3. Form INC-20A

    A screen will appear with showing Company forms. Scroll down and you will see Form INC-20A for declaration of Commencement of Business.
    Form INC20-A

  4. Download the form.

    Hence, download the form. You can download form with or without Instruction Kit.

  5. Open the Form

    After downloading the form, open it in PDF. Form INC-20A

  6. Fill the form.

    Start filling the Form.
    Enter the following details:-
    CIN of the Company
    Name of Company
    Address of Registered Office of Company
    Email address of the Company
    Select whether the affairs of the Company is regulated by any Sectoral Regulator.

  7. Attachments

    Add the Attachments. You can see the attachments in the Box for list of Attachments.INC-20A attachments

  8. Declaration and Certification

    Fill the Declaration and provide DIN.
    Furthermore enter the details of the Practicing Professional who shall certify the Form.INC-20A certification

  9. Check form

    After filling the form, Click on Check.
    As a result, the system will perform the form level validation.
    After the check form is successful, click on Pre scrutiny.

  10. Digital Signature Certificate

    Add the DSC of the Directors and Certifying Professional in the form.

  11. Upload Form

    Again go to the MCA Portal. Login to MCA.
    Under MCA Services tab, click on upload e-forms.

  12. Make payment

    After successful upload, proceed to make payment of the fees.
    On successful payment, SRN will get generated.

Consequences of non filing of the form

In case Company makes default in filing the form, it can lead to the following penalties:-

Annual Compliance Plan for Startups
File the declaration for Commencement of Business and other Compliance related forms for your Company
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Annual Compliance Plan for Startups
File the declaration for Commencement of Business and other Compliance related forms for your Company
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What is the time limit for filing the form for Commencement of Business?

Company needs to file the declaration for commencement of business within 180 days from the date of incorporation of the Company in e-form INC-20A.

Does the Company gets the Certificate of Commencement of Business from MCA as a result of filing the declaration in form INC-20A?

The form INC-20A for declaration of commencement of business is an auto approved form (STP mode). Company does not get the Certificate for Commencement of Business from MCA by filing the form INC-20A.

Can I start business for my Company before filing the form for commencement of Business?

A Company cannot commence the Business and also cannot exercise borrowing powers unless the declaration is filed with MCA for Commencement of Business.

Got Questions? Ask Away!

  1. Hey @Nandana

    e-Form INC-20A is the certificate of commencement of business. A newly incorporated company can commence business once the subscribers to MoA have deposited the subscription amount with the Company. Such amount shall be deposited within 180 days of incorporation. A proof of such deposit (Bank Statement) is to be filed with INC-20A.

    Hope this helps!