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Directors - Powers & Duties of Directors Explained

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Aishwarya Shah

Board of Directors
Powers and Duties
Last updated on May 5th, 2021

A Company is an artificial person and hence, is not capable to work on its own. As a consequence there is a need to appoint director in every Company. A Director is the person appointed to the Board of a Company. Director is responsible for management of the Company of which he is a director. Board of Directors refers to the collective body of directors who are in charge of smooth running of business.

Who can be a Director?

Managing a Business is not an easy task. Therefore there are eligibility criteria for a person to become a Director.

Powers and Duties of a Director

The Companies Act 2013 defines the powers and duties that a Director should take care of while acting on behalf of the Company. Sections 179 and 166 of Companies Act 2013 prescribes the powers and duties of a Company Director respectively.

Powers of Directors

According to Companies Act 2013, the Board of Directors of a Company has the following powers in the Company.

Duties of Directors

Board of Directors acts as agent of the Company. However while acting for Company, Director needs to take care of his duties which are as follows:-


How can I obtain DIN if I wish to incorporate a company and become its director?

If you wish to incorporate a Company and become director of that Company, you can apply for DIN with SPICe+ as MCA has introduced this new integrated form for incorporation of Company with other services including allotment of DIN.

Can a Company become a Director of another Company?

A Company cannot become the director of another Company. Only an individual can become a director of a Company.

If one wants to incorporate a Private Limited Company with Four Directors, can all the four directors get DIN through SPICe+ Form?

No, all the four directors cannot obtain DIN through Form SPICe+ in this case as this form allows obtaining DIN for a maximum of three directors only. One of the Directors of the proposed Company will need to file Form DIR-3 with MCA for obtaining DIN before the incorporation of the Company.

Got Questions? Ask Away!

  1. Hello @emmy

    In order to be a Director, the following conditions must be satisfied:-only an Individual can be a Director -The individual shall not be a minor -The proposed Director shall have been allotted DIN and must submit his/ her consent in DIR-2 to act as a Director -The proposed director shall be of sound mind and capable to enter into a contract and such individual shall not be an insolvent.

    You can read more about provisions regarding Directors of a company here:

    You can learn more about roles and duties of a director here:

    Hope this helps!