Section 194C: TDS on payment to Contractors

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Hiral Vakil

TDS Sections
Last updated on February 3rd, 2023

As per the provisions of Section 194C of the Income Tax Act if any payment is made to the resident contractor or sub-contractor and if it exceeds the specified amount then tax will be deducted under this section.

What is Section 194C?

As per section 194C, when a person is responsible for paying any sum to a resident contractor for carrying out any work (including the supply of labour) in the execution of a contract between the contractor and the specified person, then they shall deduct TDS while making the payment.

Work for the purpose of Section 194C shall include the following:

  1. Advertising
  2. Broadcasting and telecasting including the production of programs for such broadcasting or telecasting
  3. Carriage of goods and passengers by any mode of transportation, other than railways
  4. Catering
  5. Manufacturing or supplying of a product according to the requirement or specification of a customer by using the materials supplied from such customer, but does not include manufacturing or supplying of a product according to the requirements or specifications of a customer by using the materials purchased from a person, other than a customer.

Specified person includes:

  1. The Central Government or any State Government, or
  2. The local authority, or
  3. Any corporation established by or under a Central, State, or Provincial Act, or
  4. Company, or
  5. Co-operative society, or
  6. Any authority constituted in India by or under any law, engaged either for the purpose of dealing with and satisfying the needs for housing accommodation or for the purpose of planning, development, or improvement of cities, towns, and villages or for both; or
  7. A registered society, or
  8. Any trust
  9. Any Individual or HUF who is liable to get his books of account audited in the previous financial year.

When to deduct TDS u/s 194C?

The TDS shall be deducted while making the payment. The date of payment shall be earlier of the below:

  1. Date of actual payment of cash or
  2. The date of crediting the sum to the payee’s account or
  3. The date of issue of cheque, draft, or by any other mode

TDS Rates under section 194C

Nature of paymentTDS Rate
Payment to resident Individual or HUF1%
Payment to any resident other than Individual or HUF2%

In a case where no PAN is provided by the contractor, the rate of TDS will be 20%.

TDS Calculator
TDS (Tax Deducted at Source) is a part of Income Tax. TDS should be dedcuted by a person for specific payments made.
TDS Calculator
TDS (Tax Deducted at Source) is a part of Income Tax. TDS should be dedcuted by a person for specific payments made.

Who is a sub-contractor as per section 194C?

Any person who enters into a contract with the contractor for the purpose of supply of labour either fully or partly for the work undertaken shall mean as a sub-contractor.

The following points need to be considered for deducting the TDS of the sub-contractor u/s 194C.

Exemptions from deduction of TDS u/s 194C?

Section 194C shall not apply in the following cases :


ABC Ltd. has given a contract to Mr. Ram and made a payment of INR 25,000 during the year. Here the company is not liable to deduct TDS as the payment doesn’t exceed INR 30,000.


ABC Ltd. has given a contract to Mr. Ram and made 5 payments of INR 25,000 each during the year. Here, the individual limit of INR 30,000 has not been exceeded but the aggregate limit of INR 1,00,000 has been exceeded during the year. So the company ABC ltd. has to deduct TDS on the whole amount of INR 1,25,000.

TDS Return

The deductor who deducts TDS from contract payments needs to file a quarterly return in Form 26Q. Form 26Q contains details of the amount paid to the contractor and the TDS deducted.

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TDS Certificate

In the case of TDS deducted u/s 194C, the deductor will issue TDS Certificate in Form 16A on a quarterly basis. The deductor should issue Form 16A within 15 days from the due date of furnishing the TDS return and it can be downloaded from the TRACES.


Whether the provisions of section 194C are also applicable to a non-resident?

No, the payments made to the non-resident contractors would come within the preview of section 195.

On which amount TDS needs to be deducted u/s 194C?

Tax is to be deducted only on the gross amount of payment excluding any other taxes like GST.

Whether TDS applicable on the Contract for sale?

As per section 194C TDS is applicable only when payment made to contractors/sub-contractors is either a work contract or a contract for the supply of labour for a works contract. If payment is made under the Contract for the sale of goods then this section is not applicable.

Got Questions? Ask Away!

  1. Hey @Dia_malhotra

    As per section 194A, TDS on interest other than interest on securities is required to be deducted by any person other than Individual or HUF at the rate of 10%, when paid to a resident. No surcharge, education cess or SHEC shall be added to the above rate.

    Hope this helps!

  2. Hey @HarishMehta

    TDS u/s 194J needs to be deducted by deductor other than an individual or a HUF, @ 10% on any amount paid or payable to any which is in excess of INR 30,000 as:

    1. Fees for professional services
    2. Fees for technical services
    3. Any remuneration or fees or commission by whatever name called paid to a director ( other than salary)
    4. Royalty
    5. Any sum referred to in clause (VA) of section 28.

    Hope this helps!

  3. Hello @the_AK,

    Against gross income, you can claim business expenses that you have incurred for earning that income. So you can claim this service fee as a business expense from the gross income received by you.

    Hope this helps!

  4. Hello @Anuj_Agarwal,

    TDS will be deducted by the company when the interest is actually paid on the securities, so at that time whoever is the owner of such security shall receive the interest and can claim credit of interest.

    Hope this helps!

  5. I have respectable salary income and 1000 insurance commission…ie old commission…not claiming any expenses…can i show it as other income in itr1 or have to file itr 3

  6. Hi @Shivam_B

    If you have income from salary and income from insurance commission (business income), then you will be required to file ITR 3.

  7. Itr 3 is so big…have to pay heavy charges…for filing…will it be defective if i do so ie reporting 1000 as other income in itr1 along with salary income…have closed down the insirance work since yesrs…i even contacted commssiom giving broker and closed my commission account…still they are showing in 26as wheress i am not receiving in real

  8. Hi @Shivam_B

    As per the recent utilities, ITD gives you the option to select only the schedules applicable to you while filing ITR.
    Thus, you are not required to go through the entire ITR 3 form. You can also prepare and file ITR on Quicko, where you can upload form 16 and add commission income under the head “Business & Profession” and file ITR 3, without any charges as Quicko is a DIY platform helping individuals to file taxes.

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