Understand Aadhaar Card

By Hiral Vakil on March 9, 2019

What is Aadhaar (Aadhaar Card)?

Aadhaar (Aadhaar Card) a 12 digit unique identification number issued by the UIDAI ( Unique Identification Authority of India ) on behalf of Government of India. This unique number serves as a proof of Identity and address, anywhere in India.

Both Aadhaar letter received via India Post and e-Aadhaar downloaded from UIDAI website are equally valid.

Any Resident individual can obtain Aadhaar irrespective of their age, gender, caste or religion. Each individual can enrol only once which is free of cost. The Aadhaar number allotted to the individual will be unique and will remain valid for life.

Aadhaar Enrollment Process

  • At present enrollment of Aadhaar is limited to the designated enrollment centres only. Every individual who wish to obtain Aadhaar will have to personally visit any of these enrolment centres.
  • You can go to any authorized Aadhaar enrollment centre anywhere in India with your identity and address proof. You can check out the list of enrollment centres here
  • Please note that UIDAI has does not currently offer online enrollment.
  • Appointment for Aadhaar enrolment can be obtained online. However, for the actual enrollment process, the physical presence of the individual is must at the enrollment centre.
  • UIDAI process accepts 18 PoI (Proof of Identity) and 33 PoA (Proof of Address) documents. Here is a nationally valid list of documents. Common proofs of identity and address are election photo ID card, Ration card, passport and driving license.
  • Photo ID cards like PAN card and Govt ID cards are permissible for identity proof. Address proof documents also include water – electricity – telephone bills from the last three months.
  • In case you do not have the above common proofs, Certificate of Identify having photo issued by Gazetted Officer/Tehsildar on letterhead is also accepted as proof of identity. Certificate of Address having photo issued by MP or MLA /Gazetted Officer/Tehsildar on letterhead or by Village Panchayat head or its equivalent authority (for rural areas) is accepted as valid proof of address.
  • At the enrollment centre, please fill your personal details within the form. Your photo, finger-prints and iris scan are also taken as a part of the enrollment. You can review the details you have provided and make corrections during enrolment itself. You will get an acknowledgement slip with a temporary enrolment number and other details captured during enrolment
  • There is no due date for the enrollment process. Resident Individuals can enrol anytime as per their convenience at the designated enrollment centres.

Advantages of Aadhaar

  • Over time, Aadhaar will be widely recognised and accepted across the country and across service providers.
  • Aadhaar will result in a universal identity infrastructure over which governments and other service providers can build applications to facilitate different processes.
  • Aadhaar will work as a bridge between the individuals and the service agencies, using which, they can perform customer identification. This will essentially eliminate the requirement of performing repeated KYC ( Know Your Customer ) checks before providing services.
  • Service providers would no longer have to deny services to residents without identification documents. Residents would also be spared the trouble of repeatedly proving identity through documents each time they wish to access services such as obtaining a bank account, passport, or driving license etc.
  • Aadhaar empowers the poor and the underprivileged residents in accessing services such as the formal banking system and also some of the services provided by the Government and the private sectors.