Securities Transaction Tax – STT

STT i.e. Securities Transaction Tax is levied on the purchase and sale of securities listed on a recognized stock exchange in India. The STT Act has a list of securities on which STT is applicable. Such securities include equity, derivatives, and units of equity mutual fund. The STT rate is prescribed by the Government. STT should be paid by buyer or seller.

  • The recognized stock exchange collects STT from the buyer or seller
  • The recognized stock exchange deposits STT with the government on or before 7th of the next month
  • Buyer or Seller can claim STT as a business expense against trading income

If the recognized stock exchange is unable to collect STT from the trader, it is still liable to deposit STT with the government to avoid interest and penalty.

Securities on which STT is levied

Securities Transaction Tax is charged on the Securities that are traded on a recognized stock exchange in India. Following is the list of securities on which STT is levied.

Securities Transaction Tax Rates

Transaction STT Rate Who pays? Value
Purchase of equity share (delivery based) or unit of business trust 0.1% Buyer Purchase Value
Sale of equity share (delivery based) or unit of business trust 0.1% Seller Sale Value
Purchase of equity mutual fund (delivery based) NIL Buyer Not Applicable
Sale of equity mutual fund (delivery based) 0.001% Seller Sale Value
Sale of equity share (intraday) and equity mutual fund (without actual delivery) 0.025% Seller Sale Value
Sale of Exchange Traded Funds (ETFs) 0.001% Seller Sale Value
Sale of Futures 0.01% Seller Sale Value
Sale of Options (option not exercised) 0.017% Seller Option Premium
Sale of Options (option is exercised) 0.125% Buyer Settlement Price
Sale of unlisted equity shares under an IPO which are later listed on a recognized stock exchange 0.2% Seller Sale Value

Income Tax on Securities with STT paid

The income tax rate for securities on which STT is paid is lower than the income tax rate for other assets. Here are the Income Tax rates for securities on which STT is paid.

Type of Security Period of Holding LTCG STCG
Equity Shares / Equity MF / ETF / ESOP / RSU 12 months 10% in excess of INR 1 lac 15%
Foreign Shares 24 months 10% without indexation slab rate

In the case of Equity Shares and Equity MF, the investor should calculate the cost of acquisition after applying the grandfathering rule. Read about how to calculate income tax on LTCG on sale of equity shares and equity mutual funds.

A trader having income from trading in securities and report such income as Business Income can claim STT as a valid business expense. STT paid on trading transactions is a direct expense related to trading income. The trader can report it as an expense in the P&L Account while filing ITR-3 on the Income Tax Website.

FAQs

How is STT charged on Intraday Trading?

STT is charged on the sell value of the transaction at 0.025%. Here is an example:
Trader buys 100 shares of HDFC at Rs.1000 each at 11:30 AM on Monday & sells them off at Rs.1006 at 2:00 PM. STT will be Rs.25.13 calculated as Rs.1006*100*0.025% = Rs.25.15

How is STT charged on F&O Trading?

STT is charged on the sell value of the transaction at 0.01%. Here is an example:
A trader sells 1 lot of NIFTY on at 9000. His total volume comes to Rs.9000*75 = Rs.6,75,000. STT on this trade will be calculated as Rs.6,75,000*0.01% = Rs.67.5

How is STT different from CTT?

STT is Securities Transaction Tax and CTT is Commodity Transaction Tax. STT is levied on trading in securities such as equity delivery, equity intraday, equity F&O, ETFs, Mutual Funds etc. CTT is levied on trading in non-agri commodity derivatives.

Tax on Equity Share Trading

If you have invested in Equity trading you need to file your ITR and pay tax on this income. Trading in equity shares and stocks have become very easy due to the availability of online trading platforms. Therefore, under Income Tax, trading in equity share can be categorized into two types:

  1. Delivery Trading (Capital Gains or Non-Speculative Business Income)
  2. Intraday Trading (Speculative Business Income)

Equity Delivery Trading means buying an equity share, hence you need to take its delivery and sell it on a different trading day. The ownership of the share is then transferred to the trader and it is delivered to the trader’s Demat account. The profit or loss from equity delivery trading may be considered as Capital Gains or Non-Speculative Business Income.

ITR for Equity, Intraday and F&O Traders
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ITR for Equity, Intraday and F&O Traders
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Tax Heads For Equity Share Trading

Capital Gains Income

A trader who does trading in listed shares and securities with an intention to invest, the profit or loss is considered as Capital Gains Income.

  • Long Term Capital Gain (LTCG): Any gain arising on the sale of Long Term Capital Asset is considered as LTCG. Any shares/ stocks held for more than 12 months are considered Long Term Capital Assets.
  • Short Term Capital Gain (STCG): Any gain arising on the sale of Short Term Capital Asset is considered as Short Term Capital Gain. Any shares/ stocks held for less than 12 months are considered as Short Term Capital Assets.


Non-Speculative Business Income

A trader who does significant trading activity and trading income is the only source of income, the profit or loss is considered as a Non-Speculative Business Income. The trader can claim expenses incurred for earning such business income and needs to file ITR-3.



Income Tax on Equity Share

The rate of Income Tax on trading in equity share depends on the income head. If it is considered as a Non-Speculative Business Income, it is taxed at income tax slab rates. However, if treated as Capital Gains Income, below are the tax rates.

Treated as Capital Gains Income

  Type of Security Period of Holding LTCG Short Term Capital Gain
Domestic Company Listed Equity Share (STT paid) 12 months 10% in excess of Rs. 1,00,000 under Sec 112A 15% under Sec 111A
Listed Equity Share (STT not paid) 12 months 10% without Indexation Slab Rates
Unlisted Equity Share (STT not paid) 24 months 20% with Indexation Slab Rates
Foreign Company Listed Equity Share 24 months 10% without Indexation Slab Rates
Unlisted Equity Share 24 months 20% with Indexation Slab Rates

ITR Form, Due Date and Tax Audit Applicability for Equity Traders

  • ITR Form: Trader should file ITR-2 on Income Tax Website if income is treated as Capital Gains. However, if income is considered as Non-Speculative Business Income, trader should file ITR-3 and prepare financial statements.
  • Due Date
    • Up to FY 2019-20
      31st July – for traders to whom Tax Audit is not applicable
      30th September – for traders to whom Tax Audit is applicable
    • FY 2020-21 Onwards
      31st July – for traders to whom Tax Audit is not applicable
      31st October – for traders to whom Tax Audit is applicable
FY 2019-20: Due Date to file Income Tax Return in case tax audit is not applicable is 10th January 2021. If tax audit is applicable the due date to submit the audit report is 15th January 2021 and ITR filing when tax audit is applicable is 15th February 2021
Tip
FY 2019-20: Due Date to file Income Tax Return in case tax audit is not applicable is 10th January 2021. If tax audit is applicable the due date to submit the audit report is 15th January 2021 and ITR filing when tax audit is applicable is 15th February 2021
  • Tax Audit: If the income is treated as Business Income, the trader should check if tax audit under Sec 44AB is applicable.
Check Tax Audit Applicability u/s 44AB
Check Income Tax Audit applicability u/s 44AB to file Tax Audit Report Form 3CB - 3CD with your Income Tax Return.
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Check Tax Audit Applicability u/s 44AB
Check Income Tax Audit applicability u/s 44AB to file Tax Audit Report Form 3CB - 3CD with your Income Tax Return.
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Carry Forward Loss for Equity Trading

  • Short Term Capital Loss (STCL) can be set off against both Short Term Capital Gain (STCG) and LTCG. The remaining loss can be carried forward for 8 years and set off against STCG and LTCG only.
  • The long term losses can be set off against LTCG only. The remaining loss can be carried forward for 8 years and set off against LTCG only.

Let’s take an example to understand it better

For example, Mr. Ajay is a salaried individual and has done some share trading in the FY 2019-20. His total salary income for a year is INR 8,70,000. And has a Short Term Capital Loss of INR 30000 and LTCG of INR 2,50,000.

Now in the above example, Ajay needs to file ITR-2 for FY 2019-19. And his total income and tax liability will be as follows:

Particulars Amount Amount
Salary Income   870000
Capital Gains    
Short Term Capital Loss 30000  
LTCG 250000  
Less: Exemption u/s 112A (100000)  
Taxable LTCG 150000  
Total Capital Gains after set-off of losses (taxed @10%)   120000
Total Taxable Income   990000
Tax at slab rate 86500  
Tax at special rate 12000  
Total Income Tax   98500
Health & Education Cess @4%   3940
Total Tax Liability   102440

FAQs

If I only have Mutual Fund Investment, which ITR do I need to file?

Since you have only capital gains income you need to file ITR-2.

What is Tax Loss Harvesting?

It means to realize(by selling your loss-making investments) your unrealized losses before the end of the financial year in order to reduce your tax liability.

Can I open multiple trading accounts?

Yes. An Individual can have as many trading accounts as they want. You can also link the same bank account with different trading accounts. However, you can’t have multiple accounts linked with the same broker.

Income Tax : Rates, Due Date and Return Filing in India

Income Tax is a type of direct tax that you pay on income earned during the financial year. In India, a direct tax is governed as per Income Tax Act, 1961 along with Income Tax Rules, 1962 Income Tax is levied based on the different types of incomes and taxpayers.

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Who should file Income Tax Return (ITR)?

A taxpayer is required to file ITR if their income is more than the basic exemption limit. The basic exemption limit for Individuals and HUFs below the age of 60 years is INR 2.5 Lakh in AY 2019-20.

However, a taxpayer with income less than the basic exemption limit can also file an ITR. This is known as a NIL return.

Income Tax Calculator
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Income Tax Calculator
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What are the Due Dates to file Income Tax Return (ITR)?

Category Due Date
Individuals to whom audit is not applicable 31st July of the Assessment Year
Companies 30th September of the Assessment Year
Individuals to whom audit is applicable 30th September of the Assessment Year
Individuals/ HUF who are partners in a firm and firm’s accounts are subject to audit 30th September of the Assessment Year

Due Date for Filing ITR for AY 2021-22

What are the Documents required to file ITR?

The basic documents required to file ITR are:

  • PAN (Permanent Account Number)   
  • Aadhar Number
  • Form 26AS
  • Bank Account Details
  • Challan of any advance tax or self-assessment tax (if paid during the year)
  • Details of the original return (if filing a revised return)

However, documents required to submit ITR may differ based on the income situations and ITR form the taxpayer has to file.

Which ITR Form to File?

The ITR form a taxpayer should file differs based on their income source and residential status. The Income Tax Department has prescribed 7 different ITR forms for different income situations. The taxpayer is required to choose the ITR Form that is applicable to them for that particular assessment year. The most common ITR form filed by individual taxpayers is ITR 1 or ITR 4.

ITR-1 (SAHAJ) The most basic ITR form for individuals having income up to Rs. 50,00,000 from salary/pension, one house property, and interest.
ITR-2 For individuals/HUF having income from salary/pension, multiple house property, capital gains, interest, and partner’s income from the partnership firm.
ITR-3 For individuals/HUF having income from salary/pension, multiple house property, capital gains, interest, and income from proprietary business or profession.
ITR-4 For individuals/HUF/Partnership firms having income from presumptive business or profession.
Check which ITR Form to file?
Income Tax Return Forms to file depends on your Income Source, Residential Status, and other financial situation. Know which ITR Form you should file.
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Check which ITR Form to file?
Income Tax Return Forms to file depends on your Income Source, Residential Status, and other financial situation. Know which ITR Form you should file.
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What are the Income Tax Rates for AY 2019-20?

Income is taxed based on the category of a taxpayer. In India, income tax rates are declared every year in Union Budget by the finance minister. The Income Tax Slab Rates for Individuals and HUFs below the age of 60 years are:

Taxable Income Tax Rate
Up to INR 2,50,000 Nil
INR 2,50,000 to INR 5,00,000 5%
INR 5,00,000 to INR 10,00,000 20%
Above INR 10,00,000 30%
  • Rebate u/s 87A of INR 2,500 or 100% of the tax (whichever is lower) is available to Individuals with income is less than Rs. 3,50,000
  • A surcharge is applicable if your taxable income is:
    • between INR 50,00,000 to 1,00,00,000 : Surcharge 10%
    • above INR 1,00,00,000 : Surcharge 15%
  • Health & Education Cess is 4% on the total of income tax + surcharge

How to file ITR?

You can file Income Tax Return using:

  • Income Tax e-filing Website
    • Income tax account
    • IT utilities
  • ERI (e-Return Intermediary): these are government-approved intermediaries like Quicko

e-File ITR using Income Tax e-Filing Website

To e-file your ITR by using an income tax e-filing website, you should use your income tax e-filing account.

  • Log in to the e-Filing portal by entering the user ID (PAN), Password, Captcha code and click ‘Login’.
  • Navigate to e-file > Income Tax Return
  • Select ITR Form, Assessment Year and other details
  • Prepare your ITR
  • Pay Self-Assessment Tax if you have outstanding tax dues. Or claim Tax Refund if you have paid excess tax during the financial year.
  • Click on ‘Submit’ to e-File your ITR.

e-File ITR using Income Tax Utilities

Income Tax Department provides Java and Excel utilities to prepare and e-file your income tax returns. These utilities allow the taxpayer to prepare their ITR offline, and using the income tax e-filing account the taxpayer can submit their ITR.

  • Go to incometaxindiaefiling.gov.in click on Offline Utilities under the Download section. Now go to Income Tax Return Preparation Utilities and select the assessment year
  • Select the ITR Form you are required to file and Download ITR Utility for that ITR Form.
  • Extract the files from a zip folder: You need to have java runtime environment to unzip the utility
  • Prepare your ITR offline
  • Upload the utility on your Income Tax e-filing account.
Track Your ITR Status
Check your Income Tax Return Status using the PAN and Acknowledgment number - which is allocated by the Income Tax Department after filing your ITR.
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Track Your ITR Status
Check your Income Tax Return Status using the PAN and Acknowledgment number - which is allocated by the Income Tax Department after filing your ITR.
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What is ITR e-Verification?

ITR filing process is not complete until you e-Verify your return. When a taxpayer files the ITR, they receive ITR V on their registered email id from the income tax department. ITR-V means Income Tax Return Verification Form, it is also known as ITR-V (Acknowledgement). 

You can e-verify your ITR by the following methods:

ITR e-Verification
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ITR e-Verification
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FAQs

What is the due date to file the Income Tax Return (ITR)?

The due date to file the Income Tax Return (ITR) for individuals, Hindu Undivided Families (HUF), and taxpayers whose accounts are not required to be audited July 31st unless extended by the government.

What are the Income Tax slab rates for individuals?

The Income Tax slab rates for individuals for the Financial Year 2020-21 are given below. The table consists of both the current regime and new regime tax slab rates.

What are the basic documents required to file Income Tax Return (ITR)?

PAN (Permanent Account Number)   
Aadhar Number
Form 26AS
Bank Account Details
Challan of any advance tax or self-assessment tax (if paid during the year)
Details of the original return (if filing a revised return)

Is it necessary to verify the Income Tax Return (ITR)?

The Income Tax Return (ITR) filing process is not complete until the filed ITR is verified by the taxpayer. The taxpayer can either e-verify the ITR or can send signed ITR-V (Acknowledgement) to the Income Tax Department (ITD). If the e-Verification of ITR is not possible then the taxpayer needs to send the signed ITR-V to the Income Tax Department within 120 days at CPC Bangalore.