What is SGB – Sovereign Gold Bond?
SGB i.e. Sovereign Gold Bond are bonds issued by the government of India under the Sovereign Gold Bond (SGB) Scheme. SGB is government security denominated in grams of gold and is thus an alternative to holding physical gold. Investors such as Individuals, HUF, trust, university, and charitable institutions can invest in SGB. RBI i.e. Reserve Bank of India issues such bonds to the investors at an issue price with a fixed maturity.
The minimum investment is 1 gm and the maximum is 4 kg for Individuals and HUFs. It is 20 kg for trusts and other entities as per the government. These bonds are issued for a tenure of 8 years. Premature redemption is only possible after the completion of 5 years of investment. Additionally, investors can sell the bonds in the secondary market at the existing market price of gold.
Income Head for Sovereign Gold Bond
Capital Gains on Sale of SGB
Income from Capital Gains would arise on the redemption of SGB or sale of SGB on the stock exchange. Both redemption and sale are covered under the definition of transfer of a capital asset. While Redemption of SGB means its expiry on the date of maturity (including pre-mature redemption), Transfer of SGB is its sale on a recognised stock exchange.
IFOS Income from SGB
The RBI on behalf of the government pays periodical interest on SGB. The rate of interest is 2.5% per annum on the amount of initial investment. Interest is credited semi-annually and the last interest is payable to the investor on the date of maturity along with the principal.
Interest on SGB is taxable under the head IFOS (Income from Other Sources). The taxpayer should report the interest under Schedule OS in the Income Tax Return.
Tax on Sovereign Gold Bond
Tax Treatment on Interest
The Interest on SGB is taxable at slab rates under the head IFOS (Income from Other Sources).
Section 193 for TDS on Interest on Securities specifically mentions that no tax should be deducted on interest paid on government security. Thus, TDS is not applicable for payment of interest on SGB.
Tax Treatment on Sale or Redemption
- Redemption of Sovereign Gold Bond – Capital Gain on Redemption of Sovereign Gold Bond by an Individual Investor is exempt from tax since it is excluded from the definition of transfer as per Section 47 of the Income Tax Act.
- Transfer of Sovereign Gold Bond – If the individual investor transfers the Sovereign Gold Bond by selling it on the stock exchange, it is taxable as LTCG if held for more than 12 months at the rate of 20% with indexation benefit, otherwise, tax is charged at the rate of 10% without indexation or STCG if held for up to 12 months at the slab rates applicable to the taxpayer.
The redemption or transfer of SG Bond in case of investors other than individuals is taxed as LTCG at the rate of 20% with indexation benefit or at the rate of 10% without indexation benefit. STCG at slab rates if held for up to 12 months.
Applicable ITR Form in case of SGB
- ITR Form: If you have invested into SGB and earned Interest, you should file ITR-1 (ITR for IFOS Income). However, if you have redeemed or sold SGB, you should file ITR-2 (ITR for Capital Gains Income).
- Due Date – 31st July of the Assessment Year. Thus, ITR for FY 2020-21 (AY 2021-22) should be filed on or before 31st July 2021.
SGB is a government security that investors holds in demat form thus eliminating the risk and cost of holding physical gold. The investor need not worry about the purity of gold and need not pay making charges if they invest into SGB. The investment in SGB is safer than physical gold since SGB is a government security, pays periodical interest and assures market value of asset on maturity.
Tax treatment of SGB bought from the secondary market and redeemed (held until maturity) is as follows:
– Exempt if you are an Individual Investor
– Taxable at slab rates if STCG and at 20% with indexation benefit if LTCG if you are any other investor.
The bonds bear interest at the rate of 2.5% p.a. on the amount of initial investment. Additionally, the interest will be credited semi-annually to the bank account of the investor and the last interest will be payable on maturity along with the principal.
The interest and redemption amount will be credited to the bank account furnished by the customer at the time of buying the bond.
Yes. The bonds can be held in the Demat account. A specific request for the same must be made in the application form itself. Till the process of dematerialization is completed, the bonds will be held in RBI’s books. The facility for conversion to Demat will also be available subsequent to the allotment of the bond.
Yes, these securities are eligible to be used as collateral for loans from banks, financial Institutions and NBFCs. But, it would be subject to decision by authority and can’t claim as matter right.