A Stock that is not listed on a recognized stock exchange is an unlisted stock. A trader or investor who buys and sells unlisted stocks should file ITR and pay tax on the income. Sale of Unlisted Shares is a Capital Gains Income as per the Income Tax Act. The Income Tax treatment of unlisted shares is not the same as the listed share.
Unlisted Stock is not listed on any recognised stock exchange. Thus, the Company does not pay STT i.e. Securities Transaction Tax on such shares. The period of holding is 24 months.
Long Term Capital Gain (LTCG): If an investor sells an unlisted stock held for more than 24 months, gain or loss on such sales is a Capital Gain or Capital Loss.
Short Term Capital Gain (STCG): If an investor sells an unlisted stock held for up to 24 months, gain or loss on such sale is a Short Term Capital Gain (STCG) or Short Term Capital Loss (STCL).
Income Tax on Unlisted Shares
Income Tax on Trading in unlisted shares is similar to the tax treatment of other capital assets. The following are the income tax rates on the sale of unlisted shares of a Domestic Company or Foreign Company.
LTCG – 20% with Indexation
STCG – taxed as per slab rates
Note: In the case of a Non-Resident, LTCG on Unlisted Stock is 10% without Indexation.
ITR Form, Due Date and Tax Audit Applicability for Unlisted Shares
ITR Form: Trader should file ITR 2 (ITR for Capital Gains Income) on Income Tax Website since income on the sale of unlisted stocks is a Capital Gains.
Up to FY 2019-20 31st July – for traders to whom Tax Audit is not applicable 30th September – for traders to whom Tax Audit is applicable
FY 2020-21 Onwards 31st July – for traders to whom Tax Audit is not applicable 31st October – for traders to whom Tax Audit is applicable
Tax Audit: Since the income on the sale of unlisted stock is a Capital Gains Income, the applicability of tax audit under Section 44AB need not be determined.
Carry Forward Loss on Sale of Unlisted Shares
The investor can set off Short Term Capital Loss against both STCG and LTCG. They can carry forward the remaining loss for 8 years and set off against STCG and LTCG only.
The investor can set off Long Term Capital Loss against LTCG only. They can carry forward the remaining loss for 8 years and set off against LTCG only.
How do I report income from sale of unlisted shares in the Income Tax Return?
You should file ITR-2 and report income from the sale of unlisted shares of a Domestic Company or Foreign Company as Capital Gains. You should pay income tax on it as per rates below: – Long Term Capital Gain – 20% with indexation – Short Term Capital Gain – slab rates The assessee can set off LTCL with LTCG and STCL with both STCG and LTCG. The remaining loss can be carried forward for 8 years.
Can STT be paid on Unlisted Shares?
STT i.e. Securities Transaction Tax is the tax on the purchase and sale of securities listed on a recognised stock exchange in India. Thus, STT is not paid on Unlisted Shares. However, when a company offers shares to the public under IPO i.e. Initial Public Offering, such shares are later listed on the stock exchange. In such cases, STT is charged on the Unlisted Shares.