DSC stands for Digital Signature Certificate. Certifying Authority (CA) can issue the same. In today’s era, a lot of documentation takes place in electronic format. DSC helps authenticate the identity of the sender. Hence, it is in the best interest of businesses and individuals to apply for digital signatures as it provides a high level of security. Further, it ensures the privacy of the information for your online transactions exchanged by using a Digital Signature.
What is DSC?
DSC is an electronic form of signature. It helps to authenticate the identity of the sender of a message or the signer of the document. DSC is stored in a USB drive. It contains information such as user name, PIN code, E-mail address, date of issuance of the certificate, etc. It ensures:
- Originality of document
- Easy transportability
- Confirmation of Identity of sender
- High-level security for online transactions by ensuring privacy.
Types of DSC
As an applicant, before you proceed towards DSC registration, it is important to know about the types of DSC’s. The purpose for which the Digital Signature Certificate is obtained defines the kind of DSC one must apply for depending on the need. The Certifying Authority(CA) issues DSCs that fall into the following three categories:
- Class 1 Certificates: Certifying Authorities shall issue Class 1 certificates for both business personnel and private individual’s use. And it helps to confirm that the user’s name and email contact details lie within the database of the certifying authority.
- Class 2 Certificates: They issue these certificates for both business personnel and private individual’s use. Class 2 certificate is mandatory for individuals who have to sign manual documents while filing returns with the ROC. In addition, these certificates will confirm that the information in the application provided by the subscriber does not conflict with the information in well-recognized consumer databases
However, from 1st January 2021, class 3 certificates have been issued in place of class 2 and class 1 certificates as per the new guidelines released by the Controller of Certifying Authority CCA.
- Class 3 Certificates: Class 3 certificates are considered the most secure form of the certificate. Hence, it is used where the security and safety of the data are the most essential factors.
Uses of DSC
The use of a digital signature is the same as that of a handwritten signature. However, DSC uses digital keys to authenticate a person. The use of digital signatures is increasing because unlike a handwritten signature it is considered impossible to fake a digital signature.
Below are the foremost uses of DSC:
- E-filing of Income Tax Return
- Registration or Compliance on MCA
- GST Application filing
- To apply for tenders and other relevant applications.
- To sign and validate Word, Excel, and PDF document formats
- For sending and receiving digitally signed and encrypted emails
- Banking transactions.
- Sales Tax
Legally valid Digital Signature Certificates are issued only through a Controller of Certifying Authorities (CCA), Govt. of India, licensed Certifying Authorities (CA), such as eMudhra, V-sign, Capricorn.
Further, it offers secure digital signatures through various options tailored to suit individual as well as organizational needs.
A Digital Signature Certificate authenticates your identity electronically. Therefore it provides you with a high level of security for your online transactions by ensuring absolute privacy of the information exchanged using a Digital Signature Certificate. Further, you can use certificates to encrypt information such that only the intended recipient can read it. You can digitally sign information to assure the recipient that it has not been changed in transit. And also verify your identity as the sender of the message